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How a resolution got replaced by a model

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A 2011 concurrent resolution introduced in the Iowa House of Representatives called for stronger federal regulation of toxic chemicals. But when the bill came out of the Iowa Committee on Commerce, it had been largely rewritten to mirror almost word-for-word an American Chemistry Council model resolution.

It's one example of a battle being waged in the states over toxic chemical regulation.

In this passage from the final bill, about 77 words matched phrases from the original bill, 121 words matched the ACC model and 29 words matched both. Scroll down to see how the language changed.

Bill as introduced

  • ...
  • BE IT RESOLVED BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, THE SENATE CONCURRING,
  • That the Iowa General Assembly encourages the 112th Congress to enact federal legislation to modernize the TSCA to strengthen chemicals management through policy reforms; and
  • BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That the policy reforms should require chemical manufacturers to prove that all existing and new chemicals are not harmful to human health, and provide essential health and safety information on chemicals to inform the market, consumers, and general public; and
  • BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That the policy reforms should require immediate action to reduce or eliminate the worst chemicals, including persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic chemicals and other priority toxics to which there is already widespread exposure; and
  • BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That the policy reforms should preserve the authority of state and tribal governments to operate chemicals management programs that are more protective than the federal programs; and
  • BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That the policy reforms should establish health safety standards for chemicals that rely on the best available science to protect the most vulnerable among us, such as children and developing fetuses; and
  • BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That the policy reforms should reward innovation by fast-tracking approval of new, demonstratively safer chemicals, and invest in green chemistry research and workforce development to boost American business and spur jobs making safer alternatives; and
  • BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That the policy reforms should promote environmental justice by developing action plans to reduce disproportionate exposure to toxic chemicals in hot spot communities; and
  • ...

ACC model bill

  • ...
  • Be it resolved by the House of Representatives of the General Assembly of _________,
  • Section 1. The __________ General Assembly encourages the 112th Congress of the United States to enact federal legislation to modernize the Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976. Amendments to TSCA should strengthen chemicals management to:
  • (a) Ensure that chemicals are safe for their intended use;
  • (b) Require EPA to systematically prioritize chemicals for the purpose of assessing their safe use;
  • (c) Require that EPA act expeditiously and efficiently in assessing the safe use of chemicals;
  • (d) Require companies that manufacture, import, process, distribute, or use chemicals to provide EPA with relevant information to the extent necessary for EPA to make safe use determinations;
  • (e) Assure that the potential risks to children from exposures to chemicals are considered in the assessment of safe use;
  • (f) Empower EPA to impose a range of risk management controls to ensure that chemicals are safe for their intended use;
  • (g) Encourage companies and EPA to work together to enhance public access to chemical health and safety information;
  • ...

Final bill

  • ...
  • BE IT RESOLVED BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, THE SENATE CONCURRING,
  • That the Iowa General Assembly encourages the 112th Congress of the United States to enact federal legislation to modernize the TSCA to strengthen chemical management policy; and
  • BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That the policy reforms should ensure that chemicals are safe for their intended use; and
  • BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That the policy reforms should require the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to systematically prioritize chemicals for the purpose of assessing their safe use; and
  • BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That the policy reforms should require the EPA to act expeditiously and efficiently in assessing the safe use of chemicals; and
  • BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That the policy reforms should require companies that manufacture, import, process, distribute, or use chemicals to provide the EPA with the relevant information to the extent necessary for the EPA to make safe use determinations; and
  • BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That the policy reforms should assure that the potential risks to children from exposures to chemicals are considered in the assessment of safe use; and
  • BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That the policy reforms should empower the EPA to impose a range of risk management controls to ensure that chemicals are safe for their intended use; and
  • BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That the policy reforms should encourage companies and the EPA to work together to enhance public access to chemical health and safety information; and
  • ...