How an Obama fundraiser turned Oklahoma into a personal tax haven

By Bill Allison

How George Kaiser turned Oklahoma into his personal tax haven

Excerpts from this story referencing "Internal Revenue Code":

"… n loss. Kaiser has built his fortune in part through shrewdly playing the Internal Revenue Code. In one six-year period, during which he increased his net worth enough to …"

"… ional energy markets and those of the state of Oklahoma as it did with the Internal Revenue Code. Kaiser's first fortune came from domestic energy production. When he to …"

"… 151 million in losses on its books. The losses were valuable – under the Internal Revenue Code, a company can use past losses as credits, known as net operating losses, …"

"… you'd buy had them. There was no indication that we didn't comply with the Internal Revenue Code." In 1991, the same year that Kaiser merged Kaiser-Francis Oil with Water …"

Nonprofits' failure to report political activity to IRS raises questions

By Julie Patel

Nonprofits are required to report poltical activity to the IRS — Center finds three that did not and one that underreported.

Excerpts from this story referencing "Center for Responsive Politics":

"… making $192,070 worth of independent expenditures that year, according to Center for Responsive Politics and FEC records. The money paid for an ad supporting Tim Burns, the Repub …"

IRS sets its sights on political 'dark money'

By Michael Beckel

The Internal Revenue Service is proposing new rules that could curb the ability of social welfare nonprofits to influence elections.

IRS fails to release political groups' financial filings

By Ben Wieder and Kytja Weir

Agency fails to explain why normally accessible political disclosures are being withheld.

'Tea party' nonprofits rarely endorsed political candidates

By Michael Beckel

'Tea party'-branded nonprofits at heart of IRS scandal rarely endorsed political candidates.

IRS employees back Obama, Democrats

By Michael Beckel

IRS employees routinely open wallets for Democratic candidates and liberal groups.

Excerpts from this story referencing "director of the agency":

"… become the center of attention following an apology Friday by Lois Lerner, director of the agency’s division that oversees tax-exempt organizations, for what she acknowle …"

Non-political nonprofit's spending spikes in election years

By Dave Levinthal

Law says groups like Americans for Job Security cannot make politics its primary purpose.

Excerpts from this story referencing "federal law":

"… bsp;   …"

Nonprofit spends big on politics despite IRS limitation

By Michael Beckel

Questions raised about whether nonprofits like Koch-connected American Future Fund are primarily about politics.

Excerpts from this story referencing "current president":

"… e Schlinger, the former finance director of Iowa’s Republican Party. Its current president is veteran Republican state Sen. Sandra Greiner, who served for 14 years a …"

Nonprofits, shell corporations help shield identity of ad backers

By Russ Choma

Underwriters of attack ads can easily avoid being named.

Excerpts from this story referencing "Pennsylvania":

"… ney trail ends.Sometimes the chain is longer, but with a similar result.In Pennsylvania, a super PAC called Freedom Fund for America's Future spent $175,000 attac …"

Top 10 donors make up a third of donations to super PACs

By John Dunbar and Michael Beckel

Super PACs have collected $200 million, a third of it from the top 10 contributors.

Excerpts from this story referencing "Bob Perry":

"… erprise in this country.”Third on the list is another Texan, homebuilder Bob Perry. Perry, one of the GOP’s most active and prolific donors over the past d …"

Allies of Rick Perry form group that accepts unlimited, undisclosed donations

By Peter H. Stone

Rick Perry allies form Citizens for a Greater America to accept secret money

Excerpts from this story referencing "Supreme Court":

"… onations to help federal candidates have mushroomed since the January 2010 Supreme Court ruling that gutted campaign finance restrictions.Toomey, a high-powered Au …"

"… ica and Super PACS have proliferated in the wake of last year’s historic Supreme Court ruling in Citizens United v. FEC, which gave the green light to unlimited …"

IRS not paying attention to 527 groups’ disclosures

By Aaron Mehta

The Internal Revenue Service isn’t doing enough to police incomplete disclosures filed by so-called 527 political groups, which means the go

“McCain-Feingold” fails to solve campaign finance problem

By The Center for Public Integrity

New campaign reform act replaces the problem of unlimited "soft money" contributions with the problem on weakly regulated independent commit

Stealth campaigns

By Sara Fritz

Their names roll off the tongue with a patriotic cadence: Freedom’s Watch, Democracy Alliance, Citizens United, Progress for America, Founda

Excerpts from this story referencing "Hillary Clinton":

"… he single-minded activists who obsessed on the alleged misdeeds of Senator Hillary Clinton. Yet while they were quick to delve into any real or imagined political sc …"

Campaign Consultants methodology

By The Center for Public Integrity

How we did it: anatomy of an investigation

Excerpts from this story referencing "consultant":

"… firms may include the costs for postage. …"

"… .Center researchers then began the process of identifying expenditures for consultants.This identification proceeded in two, interrelated steps:Standardizing na …"

"… address variations for the same recipientIdentifying which recipients are consultants.The Center did not examine every expenditure. Instead, researchers began …"

"… s consulting expenditures.To determine which recipients should be coded as consultants for the purposes of this study, the Center coded a recipient as a politic …"

Frequently asked questions

By The Center for Public Integrity

Some FAQs about campaign consultants

Excerpts from this story referencing "consultant":

"… ot require it. …"

"… e some frequently asked questions regarding campaign consultants:What is a consultant?A hired professional or firm that provides inherently political services, …"

"… al services, including creative or strategic advice.Why do candidates hire consultants?Political consultants are hired for their expertise and experience in spe …"

"… creative or strategic advice.Why do candidates hire consultants?Political consultants are hired for their expertise and experience in specialized areas needed …"

527s - Frequently Asked Questions

By The Center for Public Integrity

A primer on the fundraising groups created through a legal loophole

Excerpts from this story referencing "Sierra Club":

"… mmittees, and some are affiliated with other non-profit organizations. The Sierra Club, which has at least four separate political and non-profit wings, is one e …"

527s run aground in the states

By Kevin Bogardus

Groups continue to raise money as some regulators crack down

Excerpts from this story referencing "North Carolina":

"… itures. The group also agreed to pay a $10,000 fine in June 2005 levied by North Carolina's Elections Board for a $100,000 contribution the 527 had made to the stat …"

Battling over social security

By Kevin Bogardus

Several groups associated with 527s are now engaged in the dispute over Bush's plan to overhaul the entitlement program

Incomplete disclosure

By Derek Willis

IRS filings show few penalties for political committees that fail to meet requirements

Excerpts from this story referencing "Federal Election Commission":

"… and more than $250,000 in expenditures from its initial filing.Unlike the Federal Election Commission, which issues press releases announcing fines and administrative agreement …"

Silent Partners: Special Report

By Derek Willis and Aron Pilhofer

How political non-profits work the system

Excerpts from this story referencing "Enron Corp.":

"… gray areas of accounting and tax law that were exploited by energy trader Enron Corp."Just like with Enron, you plan in those areas of mismatches, and that's wh …"

Politician 527s

By Alex Knott and Agustín Armendariz

Committees tied to lawmakers adjust to new regulations

Excerpts from this story referencing "Federal Election Commission":

"… ific ideologies and were extensions of hard money accounts reported to the Federal Election Commission. FEC guidelines prohibit donations to a federal leadership committee of mo …"

Buying influence

So-called 527 committees spend millions on elections with little oversight or accountability

Excerpts from this story referencing "Center for Public Integrity":

"… ons and policy debates across the country, according to an analysis by the Center for Public Integrity. Until now, no one has put a dollar amount to these groups' collective imp …"

Impending ban hasn't stopped soft money rush by presidential hopefuls

By Alex Knott and Adam Mayle

WASHINGTON, October 17, 2002 — Potential candidates for the 2004 presidential primaries have raised more than $7.6 million in unregulated so

Excerpts from this story referencing "Howard Dean":

"… .Some candidates have sworn off 527s. Officials from the campaigns of Gov. Howard Dean of Vermont and Senator Joe Lieberman, D-Conn., have told the Center that t …"

Hired hands grab chance to skirt '527' disclosure law

By Kathryn Wallace and Marianne Holt

WASHINGTON, November 1, 2000 — Complying with a new federal law, Political Animals registered with the Internal Revenue Service by the Augus

Legal challenge seeks to bring down new campaign finance law

By Kathryn Wallace and Marianne Holt

A conservative group in Alabama has filed the first court challenge to recently passed campaign finance legi

IRS seeks to clarify new campaign finance disclosure law

By Kathryn Wallace and Marianne Holt

WASHINGTON, August 17, 2000 — A campaign finance law intended to resolve questions about unregulated soft money is generating as many questi

Excerpts from this story referencing "Maryland":

"… c a good sense of who is behind a particular group. One group from Lanham, Maryland, took the filing as seriously as a cartoon, listing Minnie Mouse as a cont …"

Interests behind 527 groups seeking ways around new law

By Marianne Holt and Kathryn Wallace

WASHINGTON, July 12, 2000 — Though the law forcing certain tax-exempt political groups to disclose their donors and expenditures is just day

Excerpts from this story referencing "House":

"… nd exists only on paper. The complaint is still pending. After passing the House, it was McCain who managed the bill in the Senate, where it passed 92-6 on …"

"… be available on the IRS website by mid-July.Further campaign finance reformHouse and Senate members recognize that shutting the Section 527 loophole will n …"

Loophole allows donors to give without leaving a trace

By Marianne Holt and Kathryn Wallace

WASHINGTON, March 30, 2000 — The same day that Democratic presidential candidate Al Gore unveiled his campaign finance reform proposal, an o

Excerpts from this story referencing "Washington, D.C.":

"… systems in the four largest California markets as well as in New York and Washington, D.C., the group announced. The ad targets high-interest voters and is to air du …"