Survey of state legislative disclosure requirements

By

 Updated:

 

Survey

The Center has been reporting on disclosure requirements in state legislatures since 1999, and bases its rankings on a 43-question survey that examines filing requirements, public accessibility, and enforcement procedures. Center researchers obtain answers to the survey questions by examining state statutes and disclosure forms, and interviewing state ethics officers. Survey answers are assigned a numerical value adding up to a possible 100 points; the highest scores reflect the highest degree of disclosure. (See Methodology for more information.)

1 Requires financial disclosure filing?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, WA, WI, WV, WY
ID, MI, VT

2 Requires complete financial disclosure filing (no update)?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CT, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MO, MS, MT, ND, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV, WY
CO, HI, MN, NC, NE, OK, WA, UT

3 Requires financial disclosure filing annually?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, WA, WI, WV, WY
MT, ND, SD, UT

4 Requires complete financial disclosure filing for candidates?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NH, NJ, NE, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, WA, WI, WV
CT, UT, WY

5 Employment information required?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, WA, WI, WV, WY
 

6 Employment information not narrowly defined?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, NE, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SD, TN, TX, WA, WI, WV, WY
CA, IN, ND, NH, SC, VA

7 Employer/business name required?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, WA, WI, WV, WY
 
House – YES; Senate – NO
IA

8 Employment job title required?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, DE, GA, HI, IA, IL, KY, LA, MA, MD, MN, MS, NC, ND, NM, NY, OH, PA. RI, SD, TX, WA, WY
CO, CT, FL, IN, KS, ME, MO, MT, NE, NH, NJ, NV, OK, OR, SC, TN, VA, WI, WV

9 Employer description required?

Yes
No
AZ, CA, CT, DE, GA, IA, IN, KS, ME, MO, NE, NH, NM, NY, OK, OR, WI
AK, AL, AR, CO, FL, HI, IL, KY, LA, MA, MD, MN, MS, MT, NC, ND, NJ, NV, OH, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, WA, WV, WY

10 Value range/income amount required?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, CA, FL, HI, LA, MA, NJ, OH, SC, WA
AZ, CO, CT, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NM, NV, NY, OK, OR, PA, RI, SD, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV, WY

11 Spouse employment information required and clear?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, GA, HI, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MO, MS, NC, ND, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OR, RI, SD, TX, WA
FL, IA, MN, MT, NE, OH, PA, WV, WY
Required and Not Clear
DE, IL, ME, NH, OK, SC, TN, VA, WI

12 Officer/director information required?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, WA, WI, WV, WY
ME, NH, NV
House – YES; Senate – NO
IA

13 Officer/director information not narrowly defined?

Yes
No
AK, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, GA, HI, IA, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NJ, NY, PA, RI, TN, TX, WA
AL, DE, FL, IL, MD, ME, MN, NH, NM, NV, OH, OK, OR, SC, SD, VA, WI, WV, WY
House – YES; Senate – NO
IA

14 Officer/director entity name required?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, WA, WI, WV, WY
ME, NH, NV
House – YES; Senate – NO
IA

15 Officer/director entity description required?

Yes
No
CA, CT, DE, GA, IA, IN, LA, MO, NC, OR, WA
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CO, FL, HI, IL, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME, MN, MS, MT, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV, WY
House – YES; Senate – NO
IA

16 Spouse officer/director information required and clear?

Yes
No
AK, AR, AZ, CO, CT, DE, GA, HI, IN, KS, LA, MA, MD, MO, MS, NC, ND, NJ, NM, NY, OR, RI, SD, TX, WA
CA, FL, IA, ME, MN, MT, NE, NH, NV, OH, OK, PA, WV, WY
Required and Not Clear
AL, IL, KY, SC, TN, VA, WI

17 Investment information required?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, WA, WI, WV, WY
NH

18 Investment information not narrowly defined?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, HI, IA, IL, KS, LA, MA, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, ND, NE, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SD, TX, WA, WI, WV
GA, IN, KY, NC, NH, SC, TN, VA, WY

19 Investment entity name required?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, WA, WI, WV, WY
NH

20 Investment entity description required?

Yes
No
AZ, CA, FL, GA, HI, IA, IN, KS, LA, MO, MT, NM, NY, OK, OR, TX, VA, WA, WI
AK, AL, AR, CO, CT, DE, IL, KY, MA, MD, ME, MN, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NV, OH, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, WV, WY

21 Investment value range/holding amount required?

Yes
No
AL, AR, AZ, CA, FL, HI, LA, MD, NJ, TX, VA, WA, WI
AK, CO, CT, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, WV, WY

22 Spouse investment information required and clear?

Yes
No
AK, AR, AZ, CO, CT, DE, GA, HI, IN, KS, LA, MA, MS, NC, ND, NJ, NV, NY, RI, SD, TX, WA
FL, IA, IL, MD, MN, MT, NE, NH, OH, OK, PA, WV, WY
Required and Not Clear
AL, CA, KY, ME, MO, NM, OR, SC, TN, VA, WI

23 Client information required?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AZ, CA, FL, HI, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, ME, MS, NC, NM, OH, OK, OR, SC, TN, TX, VA, WA, WI
AR, CO, CT, DE, GA, IA, IL, MA, MN, MO, MT, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NV, NY, PA, RI, SD, WV, WY

24 Client name required?

Yes
No
AK, CA, FL, HI, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, ME, MS, NC, NM, OH, OK, OR, SC, TX, VA, WA, WI
AL, AR, AZ, CO, CT, DE, GA, IA, IL, MA, MN, MO, MT, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NV, NY, PA, RI, SD, TN, WV, WY

25 Client value range/income amount required?

Yes
No
AK, AL, LA, MD, OH, SC, TX, VA, WA
AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OK, OR, PA, RI, SD, TN, WI, WV, WY

26 Spouse client information required and clear?

Yes
No
AK, AZ, KS, LA, TX, WA
AR, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IN, MA, MD, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NV, NY, OH, OR, PA, RI, SD, WV, WY
Required and Not Clear
AL, CA, IL, KY, ME, NM, OK, SC, TN, VA, WI

27 Real-property information required?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MN, MO, MT, NC, ND, NE, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OR, PA, RI, SC, TX, VA, WA, WI
AR, IN, ME, MS, NH, OK, SD, TN, WV, WY

28 Real-property information not narrowly defined?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IL, KY, LA, MA, MD, MN, MO, MT, NE, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OR, RI, TX, VA, WI
AR, IA, IN, KS, ME, MS, NC, ND, NH, OK, PA, SC, SD, TN, WA, WV, WY

29 Real-property value range/amount required?

Yes
No
AL, AZ, CA, FL, GA, HI, KS, LA, MA, MD, NJ, SC, WA
AK, AR, CO, CT, DE, IA, IL, IN, KY, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SD, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV, WY

30 Spouse real-property information required and clear?

Yes
No
AK, AZ, CO, CT, DE, GA, HI, KS, KY, LA, MA, NC, ND, NJ, NM, NY, RI, TX, VA, WA
AR, FL, IA, IN, MD, ME, MN, MS, MT, NE, NH, OH, OK, PA, SD, TN, WV, WY
Required and Not Clear
AL, CA, IL, MO, NV, OR, SC, WI

31 Spouse name required?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CT, GA, HI, KS, LA, MA, ME, MO, NC, ND, NM, NY, OH, OR, RI, TX, VA, WA
CA, CO, DE, FL, IA, IL, IN, KY, MD, MN, MS, MT, NE, NH, NJ, NV, OK, PA, SC, SD, TN, WI, WV, WY

32 Dependent name required?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AZ, CT, GA, HI, MA, MO, NC, NY, OH, OR, RI, TX, VA, WA
AR, CA, CO, DE, FL, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, ME, MN, MS, MT, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, OK, PA, SC, SD, TN, WI, WV, WY

33 Financial disclosure filings in central office?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, WA, WI, WV, WY
ND, UT, VA

34 Lawmakers not forwarded reviewer information?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, WA, WV, WY
MA, NY, VA, WI

35 In-person appearance not required to obtain filings?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, WA, WI, WV, WY
MD

36 Copy fees less than 50 cents per page?

Yes
No
AK, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, FL, GA, HI, IA, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, UT, WA, WI, WV
AL, DE, IL, KS, NJ, SD, VA, WY

37 Blank disclosure form available on Web?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, KS, KY, LA, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, WA, WI, WV, WY
IN, MA, OH, UT

38 Disclosure filings available electronically or on the Web in any format?

Yes
No
AK, AR, AZ, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KY, LA, ME, MN, NH, NM, NJ, NV, OH, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, WA, WI
AL, CA, CO, KS, MA, MD, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NY, OK, OR, VA, WV, WY

39 Late-filing penalties on the books?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IL, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, WA, WI, WV, WY
IA, IN, NH, UT, VA

40 Misfiling penalties on the books?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IL, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, WA, WI, WV, WY
IA, IN

41 State has auditing authority?

Yes
No
AK, AL, AR, CA, CT, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, WA, WI, WV
AZ, CO, DE, NV, WY

42 State routinely reviews filings for accuracy and completeness either through formal audit process or informal review process?

Yes
No
AK, AL, CA, CT, DE, GA, HI, IA, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, NE, NH, NM, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, WA, WI, WV
AR, AZ, CO, FL, IL, IN, ND, NJ, NV, WY

43 State published list of delinquent filers on Web or in printed document?

Yes
No
GA, HI, LA, MN, NH, OK, TX, WA, WI
AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, UT, VA, WV, WY
 

 

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