Who tried to buy the 2014 ballot measures?

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The Center for Public Integrity compiled a list of the top donors to the groups pushing and fighting statewide ballot measures in 2014. To determine the 50 mega-donors behind the measures, the Center collected and analyzed state campaign finance filings from 85 ballot measure committees that were among the most prominent nationwide. Full methodology.

  1. 1.

    Mile High USA Inc.

    A subsidiary of Rhode Island-based Twin River Casino company, which owns a Colorado racetrack and betting parlor.
    $19.8 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  2. 2.

    Anthem Inc. and affiliated entities

    One of the nation's largest health insurance companies, which is based in Indianapolis, Indiana.
    $13 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  3. 3.

    Kaiser Foundation Health Plan Inc.

    A subsidiary of California-based Kaiser Permanente, one of the nation's largest managed health care organizations.
    $12.4 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  4. 4.

    Table Mountain Rancheria

    A Native American tribe that owns a casino near Fresno, California.
    $11.7 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  5. 5.

    Norcal Mutual Insurance Co.

    A California-based medical malpractice insurance company.
    $11 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  6. 6.

    Monsanto

    An agrochemical corporation based in St. Louis, Missouri.
    $10.7 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  7. 7.

    The Doctors Company

    A medical malpractice insurance company based in Napa, California.
    $10.5 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  8. 8.

    Cooperative of American Physicians

    A medical malpractice insurance company based in Los Angeles, California.
    $10.3 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  9. 9.

    Wal-Mart

    A multinational retail corporation based in Bentonville, Arkansas.
    $9.5 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  10. 10.

    American Beverage Association

    A national trade association based in Washington, D.C., that represents beverage producers.
    $8.3 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  11. 11.

    DuPont Pioneer

    An agricultural seed manufacturer and subsidiary of Delaware-based DuPont.
    $7.5 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  12. 12.

    Health Net Inc.

    A managed health care organization based in Woodland Hills, California.
    $6.7 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  13. 13.

    Penn National Gaming Inc.

    A Pennsylvania-based operator of casinos and racetracks.
    $6.7 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  14. 14.

    California Hospital Association and related entities

    An organization representing hospitals across southern California.
    $6.1 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  15. 15.

    MGM Resorts International

    A Nevada-based gaming company.
    $5.5 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  16. 16.

    California Medical Association and related entities

    A trade association of physicians that lobbies for expanded health care coverage for California residents.
    $5.4 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  17. 17.

    Ameristar Casino Resort Spa Black Hawk

    A casino and hotel in Black Hawk, Colorado.
    $5.1 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  18. 18.

    Blue Shield of California

    A California health insurer, which is part of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association.
    $5 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  19. 19.

    Medical Insurance Exchange of California

    A California company that provides liability insurance to doctors, clinics and other medical providers.
    $5 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  20. 20.

    PepsiCo Inc.

    A multinational beverage company based in Purchase, New York.
    $4.1 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  21. 21.

    Isle of Capri Casinos Inc.

    A Missouri-based gaming corporation.
    $4.1 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  22. 22.

    BP

    An international oil company based in London but with major U.S. operations.
    $4 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  23. 23.

    ConocoPhillips Alaska

    A subsidiary of oil company ConocoPhillips, which is based in Houston, Texas.
    $3.8 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  24. 24.

    Brigade Capital Management LLC through affiliated entities

    A New York-based hedge fund that financially backs the Chukchansi Gold Resort & Casino, near Fresno, California.
    $3.7 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  25. 25.

    Exxon Mobil Corp.

    A multinational oil company based in Texas.
    $3.6 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  26. 26.

    Dow Chemical Co. and related entities

    A multinational agrochemical company based in Michigan.
    $3.5 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  27. 27.

    Jacobs Entertainment

    A Colorado-based company that owns casinos and racetracks nationwide.
    $3.3 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  28. 28.

    Wynn Resorts

    A Nevada-based chain of luxury hotels and casinos owned by businessman Steve Wynn.
    $3 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  29. 29.

    Michigan Manufacturers Association

    An organization representing the interests of Michigan's manufacturing industry.
    $2.8 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  30. 30.

    Coca-Cola Co.

    A multinational beverage company based in Atlanta, Georgia.
    $2.6 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  31. 31.

    California Dental Association and related entities

    A trade association that represents dentists in California.
    $2.3 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  32. 32.

    Ford Motor Co.

    An international automaker based in Michigan.
    $2.1 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  33. 33.

    Morgan & Morgan

    A law firm based in Orlando, Florida, that employs 2014 Florida gubernatorial candidate Charlie Crist.
    $1.9 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  34. 34.

    Kraft Foods Group Inc.

    A food manufacturing company based in Illinois.
    $1.9 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  35. 35.

    The Humane Society of the United States

    A national group based in Washington, D.C., that advocates against animal cruelty.
    $6.1 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  36. 36.

    American Civil Liberties Union

    A nonprofit based in New York that advocates for individual civil liberties.
    $3.6 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  37. 37.

    Open Primaries*

    A national nonprofit based in New York that advocates for open primaries and independent politics, funded initially by billionaires John and Laura Arnold.
    $2.4 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  38. 38.

    Everytown For Gun Safety Action Fund

    A political group founded by former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg that promotes gun control.
    $2.3 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  39. 39.

    Drug Policy Alliance and related entities

    A New York-based nonprofit that advocates for ending the war on drugs by changing law enforcement policies on drug-related crimes.
    $2.3 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  40. 40.

    The Nature Conservancy

    A nonprofit based in Arlington, Virginia, that promotes land conservation policy.
    $2 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  41. 41.

    Sheldon Adelson

    A Nevada-based billionaire casino magnate who supports Republican candidates and organizations.
    $5.7 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  42. 42.

    Henry Nicholas III

    A California billionaire and co-founder of Broadcom, which produces semiconductors for the broadband industry
    $4.3 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  43. 43.

    Rex Sinquefield

    A billionaire and retired finance executive from Missouri who is a major funder of conservative causes.
    $2.9 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  44. 44.

    John Arnold*

    A Texas billionaire who backs public pension reform and charter schools.
    $2.8 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  45. 45.

    Michael Bloomberg

    The former mayor of New York City and a billionaire who backs political moderates.
    $2.4 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  46. 46.

    Brown for Governor 2014

    The campaign of California Gov. Jerry Brown, a Democrat.
    $5.2 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  47. 47.

    California Democratic Party

    The California branch of the Democratic Party.
    $5.1 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  48. 48.

    National Education Association

    A national labor union based in Washington, D.C., that represents public school employees.
    $3.3 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  49. 49.

    Washington Education Association

    The Washington state branch of the National Education Association public school employees union.
    $2.7 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees
  50. 50.

    Nevada State Education Association

    The Nevada branch of the National Education Association public school employees union.
    $2.1 million
    contributed to 2014 ballot measure committees

Source: Center for Public Integrity analysis of data from state campaign finance agencies.

Extended ballot measure descriptions from the National Institute on Money in State Politics.

Rachel Baye and Reity O’Brien contributed.

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