Millions paid to firms to get measures onto ballots

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Ballot measures typically require the signatures of a set number of registered voters to be included in an election. Hiring a professional signature gathering firm, which can collect John Hancocks quickly across wide areas, is now virtually a requirement to get on the ballot in big states such as California. At least 13 of these firms have been paid more than $1 million each to gather signatures for statewide measures around the country from 2010 to 2014, part of a broader electoral-industrial complex behind initiatives.

Signature gathering company Active in Issues Amount paid
PCI Consultants Inc.
CA
CO
FL
ME
MI
MO
OR
WA
alcohol
animal rights
education
energy
environment
firearms
gambling
government finance
hunting
labor
law enforcement
marijuana
redistricting
state spending
taxes
trials
$28 million
Kimball Petition Management
CA
death penalty
elections
health care
insurance
state spending
taxes
term limits
$22.3 million
National Petition Management
CA
ME
MO
ND
WA
business
elections
environment
gambling
law enforcement
regulation
taxes
$12 million
Arno Petition Consultants
CA
elections
gambling
insurance
taxes
$9.6 million
Masterton & Wright
CA
business
marijuana
taxes
$5.4 million
Silver Bullet LLC
MI
OR
elections
taxes
transportation
$5.1 million
Citizens Solutions Inc.
WA
alcohol
firearms
labor
taxes
$2.4 million
Riester Consulting Company
AZ
government administration
marijuana
taxes
$1.8 million
Spoonworks Inc.
MA
assisted death
business
environment
gambling
marijuana
taxes
$1.8 million
FieldWorks LLC
MO
NE
OR
business
minimum wage
tobacco
$1.8 million
Bader & Associates
CA
labor
redistricting
$1.8 million
NW Democracy Resources
OR
animal rights
civil rights
environment
marijuana
$1.7 million
Voice of the Electorate LLC
OR
taxes
$1 million

Source: Lucy Burns Institute and state records.