Costs and benefits of the Clean Air Act

The EPA estimates that meeting regulations under the Clean Air Act will cost $65 billion from 1990 to 2020, but the savings realized from fewer premature deaths, lower health costs and increased productivity will add up to $2 trillion.

Cases prevented by clean-air rules By the year 2010 By the year 2020
Adult deaths — soot 160,000 230,000
Infant deaths — soot 230 280
Deaths — smog 4,300 7,100
Chronic bronchitis 54,000 75,000
Heart disease 130,000 200,000
Asthma exacerbation 1,700,000 2,400,000
Emergency room visits 86,000 120,000
Lost school days 3,200,000 5,400,000
Lost work days 13,000,000 17,000,000

Source: EPA