The EPA estimates that meeting regulations under the Clean Air Act will cost $65 billion from 1990 to 2020, but the savings realized from fewer premature deaths, lower health costs and increased productivity will add up to $2 trillion.
|Cases prevented by clean-air rules||By the year 2010||By the year 2020|
|Adult deaths — soot||160,000||230,000|
|Infant deaths — soot||230||280|
|Deaths — smog||4,300||7,100|
|Emergency room visits||86,000||120,000|
|Lost school days||3,200,000||5,400,000|
|Lost work days||13,000,000||17,000,000|